Grasslands

Animals Plants ClimateHealth

The grasslands are a place full of energy. The animals are mostly herbivores and carnivores, not omnivores. They are constantly on the run. They are moving from place to place for water. Can you imagine having to constantly move to find water? In the grasslands the summers are warm, but the winters can be bitterly cold. The grasslands also have a variety of unique plants.

Elephant

Animals

What are some animals of the grassland? Bison, coyotes, jack rabbits, pronghorn, gophers, squirrels, weasels, ferrets, foxes, badgers, zebras, giraffes, antelope, ostriches, snakes, and rodents are just a few examples of the animals you'll find in the grasslands. There are two types of animals in the grasslands, those that are burrowing animals and those who have the ability to run fast, since there isn't very many places to hide in the grasslands from predators.

Some of the more common burrowing animals are paririe dogs, ground squirrels, and pocket gophers. These burrowing animals rarely go far from their burrows. This is good because grasslands often have fires which burn fast. These fires rarely even burn the soil surface so the animals are safe in their burrows. There are also burrowing predators such as weasel, ferrets, the swift fox, and the badger.

Some examples of animals with the ability to run fast are the swift fox, the coyote, and the pronghorn. These animals use their speed to escape from their predators. Many animals in the grasslands live in social units. Living in social units helps the grassland animals cover more area with their eyes so they can find food and their predators faster.

Zebra

Plants

Most of the vegetation in the grasslands are wild flowers and mixed grasses. Some of the wild flowers have spikes on the stem to keep herbivores away. There also is grass that will cut the tongue of the animal who eats it. The flowers of the grasslands like to live in sandy places rather than in the hot hard ground.

The Blazing Star is a perennial herb which lives in the grassland. The stem of this plant is usually smooth, and the leaves are arranged around the stem in a spiral. The flowers are purple and white and produce brown or black fruit that are small and some what cylindrical. Most of the blazing stars are found in moist prairies where the soil is coarse-textured sand or sandy loam. This plant does not tolerate shade and is thus usually found in areas that have been disturbed by fire, flooding, drought or grazing.

Blazing Star

Climate

In the grasslands the summers are warm, while the winters are bitterly cold. The grasslands average 25 to 75 cm of rain per year. In the summer when the grasslands reach warm temperatures fires often occur. These fires start without much warning and burn fast. These fires, however, rarely burn the soil surface.

Health

In the grasslands there are often fires which start up quickly, especially in the summers. These fires rarely reach the soil surface, but spread fast. The grasslands are a place where shelter is limited so it is important to know what to do incase you or someone you know gets burned. The first thing you should do if you get burned is put out the flames or get away from the source, then call 911. If you are not around a phone or the burn is not that bad you should cool the burn with large amounts of cool water and cover it with dry, clean dressing. However, the best thing to do for a burn is prevent it, so make sure you are always alert to what is going on around you.

Biome Page

Designed By Kari Lamont and Teresa Miltonberger